Tracked transportation vehicles have appeared two centu […]
Tracked transportation vehicles have appeared two centuries ago. Since then, people have begun to study tracked transportation vehicles and have obtained rich accumulation. At first, the tracked traveling device was only used on agricultural vehicles, and the tank only appeared in the First World War. With the deepening of research, people gradually realized that the design parameters of the vehicle have an extremely important impact on the performance of the entire vehicle, and the mechanical relationship between the vehicle and the ground is closely related to the maneuverability of the crawler transport vehicle.8X8 Amphibious Vehicle For example, the load on the ground and the traction of the vehicle will be affected by the position of the center of gravity of the vehicle, and the running resistance and subsidence of the crawler transport vehicle will be affected by the crawler drive system. Since World War II, people have conducted more in-depth research on concepts such as ground pressure. Ground pressure is an important indicator of the overall performance of a crawler transport vehicle. It is only applicable to small road wheels, small track and long-pitch crawlers, but not applicable to short-pitch crawlers and large road wheels on high-speed crawler transport vehicles. Because the pressure value has changed significantly during the grounding length of the track, the concept of the average value of the maximum pressure under all road wheels is proposed to solve it. Baker is the proponent and founder of ground mechanics. Since then, people have systematically and comprehensively studied ground mechanics.
Due to the changing environment of crawler transport vehicles, and the very complex mechanical systems of their own, coupled with people’s understanding of road characteristics and insufficient research on the response of vehicles to road spectra, people have been using "experiences" for a long period of time. "Experiment" is a traditional research mode to study tracked transport vehicles. Since this research mode requires a wealth of empirical formulas and a large number of experiments as the basis, it has disadvantages such as a large amount of cost and a long development cycle.
In recent years, the basic theory of tracked transport vehicles has been rapidly developed, and in continuous improvement, people have a more in-depth understanding of tracked transport vehicles. First, due to the continuous development and improvement of ground mechanics, people have a deeper understanding of the force relationship between the vehicle and the ground. Secondly, with the rapid development of computer technology and numerical simulation in the analysis and performance prediction of tracked transportation vehicles The continuous application of the algebraic-differential equations used to describe the dynamic performance of tracked vehicles has emerged and been solved. Third, the gradual maturity of the dynamics of multi-body systems has pointed out the way out for the solution of the complexity of tracked vehicles. At the same time, through the use of multi-body dynamics, it is possible to quantify the various components of the tracked transport vehicle into rigid or flexible bodies, and then use various constraints to combine them, and finally obtain the tracked transport vehicle’s performance by solving the constraint equations and dynamics equations. Kinetic performance